Screening fields from underground cables

When high-voltage underground cables are buried underground, each cable is surrounded by a metal sheath to provide mechanical protection.  This eliminates the electric field outside the cable, but it has no effect on the magnetic field.  The size of the magetic field is determined by the geometry of the conductors.

However, if there is a strong enough reason for doing so, it is possible to place a screen made of magnetic material around all the separate conductors that make up the circuit.  This then reduces the magnetic field. more on screening

This is not something undertaken lightly.  It requires a substantial amount of metal in the screen, it makes laying the cable more difficult, and it can reduce the rating of the cable by making it harder for the heat produced in the cable to conduct away.  It has never been done in the UK.  UK cables comply with the relevant exposure limits without any screen, so there is no legal or regulatory basis for incurring extra expense to reduce the field further.  But it has been done in at least some places in Italy, to achieve compliance with the more restrictive exposure limits there. See a paper describing one such project and the following pictures:

photo of screening of underground cable Open trough made from high-permeability steel with three cables being laid inside
 

photo of screening of underground cableTrough after the lid is attached to provide continuous screening all round the cables


 

Photos of Turbigo-Rho single circuit 380 kV transmission line, owner: Terna, manufacturer: Prysmian, courtesy of Terna